दिमाग के अपविकासी रोग (neuro -
degenerative disease )
अल्ज़ाइमर्स से तकरीबन पचास
लाख अमरीकी ग्रस्त हैं
इनमें दो तिहाई महिलायें हैं।
स्तन कैंसर के बरक्स महिलाओं के इस अपविकासी रोग की चपेट में आने के दो गुने मौके रहते हैं। रोग के
आनुवंशिक कारणों के अलावा औरत मर्द की हारमोन बुनावट के फर्क का रोग प्रवणता से क्या सम्बन्ध है
रिसर्चर्स जान ने की कोशिशों में जुटे हैं।
पूरब ही नहीं पश्चिम के स्वास्थ्य सचेत लोगों में से भी कितने ही इसे आम सठियाना बस याददाश्त उम्र के
साथ कम होते जाना मान बैठते हैं इस बात का इन्हें इल्म नहीं रहता भाई साहब दिमाग ही सिकुड़ जाता है
नष्ट होता जाता है ज्यादा और ज्यादा तादाद में।इसीलिए इसे दिमाग का अपविकासी रोग कहा समझा जाता
है। इन दिनों माननीय फर्नांडीज़ जार्ज (पूर्व प्रति -रक्षामंत्री ,भारत सरकार )इसकी चपेट में हैं जया जेटली
उनके सिरहाने की राजदान बनी रहती हैं लेकिन वह इस सबसे बे -खबर हैं पहचानते ही नहीं जया कौन है ?
यही हाल प्रेसिडेंट रीगन का हुआ था नैंसी को ही भूल गए थे।जबकि वह आखिर तक सेवा करती रहीं।
मरीज़ की सम्भाल करने वाला भी इस से बे -तरह असर-ग्रस्त होता है और ६० फीसद मामलों में यह देखभाल
करने वाली भी नैंसी और जया ही होतीं हैं। इनमें कर्म की शुचिता और समर्पण सेवा सुश्रुवा भाव बे -हद का
औसतन २४ x ७ घंटों की देखभाल करनी पड़ती है ४ -७ बरसों तक ,लेकिन यह अवधि लम्बी भी खिंच जाती है
बीस बरसों तक।
एक अनुमान के अनुसार २०१४ में इस रोग की सम्भाल पर अमरीका में २१४ अरब डॉलर खर्च होने वाला है।
जहां स्तन कैंसर से होने वाली मृत्युदर कम हुई है वहीँ अल्ज़ाइमर्स से होने वाली मौत की दर बढ़ रही है साल
आनुवंशिक कारण ही नहीं बढ़ती उम्र को आप कैसे रोकियेगा ?दिमाग है तो क्षय होगा ही। इसी विषय पर
पढ़िए मूल आलेख :ब्रेस्ट कैंसर से दो गुना ज्यादा ख़तरा रहता है महिलाओं को अल्ज़ाइमर्स का
Report: Alzheimer's far more likely than
breast cancer in women over 60
Women age 60 and older have a 1 in 6 chance of getting Alzheimer's disease in their lifetime, and are twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's compared with breast cancer, according to a report from the Alzheimer's Association.
Men, by comparison, have a 1 in 11 chance of getting Alzheimer's, according to the 2014 Facts and Figures report.
Age is the greatest risk factor for gender differences among Alzheimer's patients, but it's not the only reason. Researchers are also looking at genetic and hormonal differences, according to Maria Carrillo, vice president of medical and scientific relations for the Alzheimer's Association.
The disease affects more than 5 million Americans, two-thirds of them women. The new details about this disease and its impact on women come from a survey of more than 3,000 women commissioned by the Alzheimer's Association.
Carol Moore, 75, is all too familiar with this gender disparity. She says she never worried about breast cancer because she was vigilant about her health, but thought her forgetfulness was just part of getting older.
In 2012 she underwent a battery of screening tests for part of an Alzheimer's study. Much to her surprise, she was diagnosed with the disease.
"I was hoping against hope there was nothing wrong with me, but there was," she says, recalling her fear when the neurologist showed her the MRI of her brain and pointed out the deterioration.
Women are also disproportionately affected when it comes to caring for people with Alzheimer's. Sixty percent of caregivers are women and the care they give is more intense physically and emotionally, according to the annual report.
Women are more likely to provide round-the-clock care, including feeding, clothing and diapering, says Carrillo. The average length of time an Alzheimer's patient requires 24-hour care is four to seven years, but could be as long as 20 years. The cost of Alzheimer's care is estimated to be $214 billion for this year alone.
"We wish we had expensive treatments to brag about, but we don't, so it's important to highlight that research funding and research commitments are critical for us to change that balance," Carrillo says.
In the future, she says, she hopes she'll be talking about the cost of treatments rather than the cost of care. Mortality rates for other diseases, like breast cancer, are dropping, but the rate of Alzheimer's deaths is on the rise.
The impact on women disproportionately extends to the workplace as well, where 20% of women, as compared with 3% of men, switch from full-time to part-time work because of their responsibilities as caregivers.
Additionally, women are more likely to take a leave of absence from work or stop working altogether. They also report feeling more isolated and depressed than their male counterparts.
Another surprise from the report, although not specific to women: 24% of women and men mistakenly believe they are only at risk for Alzheimer's disease if they have a family member with it. The cultural breakdown is surprising as well, as 33% of Hispanics held this mistaken belief and nearly half of Asians did.
"Anyone with a brain is at risk," says Angela Geiger, chief strategy officer for the Alzheimer's Association.
"You can do everything 'right' and still not prevent Alzheimer's," according to the association's website. Risk factors for Alzheimer's include genetics and aging, which are out of your control.
However, adopting what the association calls "healthy brain life habits" may help delay or prevent the appearance of the disease. Those habits include staying mentally, socially and physically active and adopting a "brain-healthy diet" low in fat and cholesterol.
Women can also reduce some risk factors by watching their numbers, Carrillo says. That includes blood sugar levels if diabetic, blood pressure and cholesterol.
The association is launching a new initiative in conjunction with the report, asking 1 million women to go to the association's website and share why their brain matters and how they will use it to stop Alzheimer's disease.
In the meantime, Moore, who lives in suburban Atlanta, is taking medication to slow the progression of the disease. She lives alone, still drives and stays active by exercising and attending monthly group meetings with other Alzheimer's patients.
She feels she'd be more social if she could, but she says she can't keep up the way she used to.
"I remind myself you just really have to do one thing at a time," she says. "Needless to say, it's a frustration."