गुरुवार, 14 दिसंबर 2017

NASA Spots Eighth Planet In Solar System

Washington: NASA has announced the discovery of an eight planet orbiting Kepler-90, a star comparable to the Sun located 2,545 light-years from the Earth.

Researchers Christopher Shallue and Andrew Vanderburg detected the planet, dubbed Kepler-90i, by applying Google’s machine-learning technology to data collected by NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope, the US space agency said on Thursday, Efe news reported.
With eight planets, the Kepler-90 system equals our own system in terms of the number of planets orbiting a single star. Astronomers have yet to detect a system with more than eight planets.
Kepler-90i is thought to have an average surface temperature of 425 degrees Celsius. The outermost planet in the system, Kepler-90h, is roughly the same distance from its star as the Earth is from the Sun.
“The Kepler-90 star system is like a mini version of our solar system. You have small planets inside and big planets outside, but everything is scrunched in much closer,” Vanderburg, a NASA Sagan Postdoctoral Fellow and astronomer at the University of Texas at Austin, said in a statement.
The notion of using artificial intelligence to analyze data from the Kepler telescope originated with Shallue, a senior software engineer with Google’s AI research team.
“In my spare time, I started googling for ‘finding exoplanets with large data sets’ and found out about the Kepler mission and the huge data set available,” Shallue said. “Machine learning really shines in situations where there is so much data that humans can’t search it for themselves.”
Paul Hertz, head of NASA’s Astrophysics Division in Washington, hailed the find.

“Just as we expected, there are exciting discoveries lurking in our archived Kepler data, waiting for the right tool or technology to unearth them,” he said.


Researchers Christopher Shallue and Andrew Vanderburg detected the planet, dubbed Kepler-90i, by applying Google’s machine-learning technology to data collected by NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope, the US space agency said on Thursday, Efe news reported.

Refrence :https://www.editplatter.com/nasa-spots-eighth-planet-in-solar-system/

A 12 Diet Cokes-a-day habit like Trump's is worth changing(HINDI )

क्या हैं निहितार्थ डोनाल्ड ट्रम्प के दिन भर में एक दर्जन डाइट कोक हलक के नीचे नित्य उतार लेने के ?आखिर यह एक पानी और अल्कोहल के अल्पांश से तैयार एक दवा ही है जो हमारी  जीवन शैली में जगह बना चुकी है। ऊपर से तुर्रा ये के इसे डाइट कोक कहा जाता है। जैसे कोई सेहत के लिए यह अमृत की धार हो अमरत्व  )की और ले जाने वाला एलिक्सिर हो रसधार हो सुधारस हो ।  

आइये देखें क्या कहते हैं रिसर्चर इस बाबत :

माहिरों के अनुसार यह आपकी मीठी चीज़ों ,मिठाई की भूख बढ़ा  सकती है ललक और बे -चैनी भी। 

और  इसकी वजह इसमें मौजूद कृत्रिम मिठास एसपारटेम ही बनती है। इसे लेने के आधा घंटे के बाद ही आपका शरीर तंत्र ऐसे प्रतिक्रिया करने लगता है जैसे इतनी ही सांद्रता या कंसंट्रेशन ग्लूकोस और इन्सुलिन की मांग रहा हो। अब चाहे आपने रेगुलर सोडा लिया हो या डाइट सोडा इससे कोई फर्क नहीं पड़ता। (यहां सोडा का अर्थ उस चीज़ से नहीं है जिसका इस्तेमाल भारत में अक्सर अल्कोहल के साथ किया जाता है। यह खारा सोडा नहीं है मीठा एरेटेड (सोडा )स्वीटेंड वाटर है। 

डाइट कोक में मौजूद एसपारटेम हमारे शरीर तंत्र को मुंह चिढ़ाता है। आहिस्ता आहिस्ता एक दिन आपका शरीर भांप जाता है यह मिठास का स्वाद एक बवाल है कोई अच्छा बॉडी सिग्नल नहीं है.असली समस्या तब पैदा होती है जब आप इस कृत्रिम मिठास के अलावा असली शुगर इस्तेमाल करते हैं। जानते हैं तब क्या होता है डाइट कोक अधिक लेने वालों के साथ आपका ब्लड शुगर सामान्य से कुछ ज्यादा ही बढ़ जाता है शक्कर के इस्तेमाल के बाद जो आमतौर पर इतना नहीं बढ़ता है डाइट कोक न लेने वालों में ,इतनी ही शक्कर के सेवन के बाद। ऐसे में आप जितनी ज़रुरत रहती है उससे ज्यादा खा पी जाते हैं। आगे चलकर इसके बुरे प्रभाव सामने आते हैं। 

और इसी के साथ जीवन शैली रोग सेकेंडरी डायबिटीज ,हाइपरटेंशन ,स्ट्रोक ,डेमेंटिया (डेमेंशिया )के खतरे का वजन आपके लिए बढ़ जाता है। डाइट कोक के अभ्यस्त लोगों के लिए यह खतरा अन्यों की वनिस्पत बढ़ता है। अन्य जो इस लत से परे हैं। 

केवल एक कैन का सेवन नित्य करने वालों के लिए ही ऐसा  खतरा खून के थक्के से पैदा होने वाले स्ट्रोक की चपेट में आने का तीन गुना ज्यादा हो जाता है। इतना ही खतरे का वजन डेमेंटिया के लिए भी हो जाता है। (स्रोत: एक अध्ययन बोस्टन यूनिवर्सिटी स्कूल ऑफ़ मेडिसिन ). 


दीर्घावधि में आपकी वैस्ट लाइन (कमर का नाप )भी बढ़ जाती  है -यदि आप  पैंसठ साला या इससे ऊपर आयु के हैं।पेट में ज्यादा चर्बी से पैदा मोटापा एब्डोमिनल ओबेसिटी का खतरा भी बढ़ता है और इसी के साथ दिल की बीमारी का भी।

मुक्तावली  की आब जाती रहती है,दन्तावली का एनामल उतर ने लगता है।आपकी मुस्कान में वो बात नहीं रह जाती है अब। तेज़ाब रहते हैं डाइट सोडा में जो दन्तावली का अपरदन (erosion )करते हैं।

एक और अध्ययन के अनुसार जो महिलायें प्रति सप्ताह २० औंस से ज्यादा (दो कैन से कम )सोडा इस्तेमाल कर लेती हैं उनके लिए जीवन शैली रोग टाइप्ट टू डायबिटीज का खतरा बढ़ जाता है। (स्रोत :अमरीकन जर्नल आफ क्लीनिकल नुट्रिशन ). 
सोडा और अन्य स्रोतों से कुलमिलाकर  निर्धारित सुरक्षित समझी जाने वाली मात्रा से ज्यादा कैफीन लेने वालों के लिए अनिद्रा रोग ,नर्वसनेस ,चिड़चिड़ाहट और एब्नॉर्मल  हार्ट रेट के खतरे का वजन भी बढ़ सकता है।

ट्रम्प साहब को भी माहिरों की यही सलाह है वह डाइट कोक कम करे ,सादा पानी भी पीयें ,फलों के टुकड़े  डाल  ले पानी में।स्मूथी किस दिन काम आएगी।

मूल आलेख अंग्रेजी में भी दिया जा रहा है :   

Additionally, a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found an increased risk of type 2 diabetes among women who drank more than 20 ounces -- less than two cans -- of artificially sweetened beverages each week.      

 President Donald Trump downs a dozen Diet Cokes each day, The New York Times reported this weekend. His love of the bubbly beverage is shared by many Americans and at least one of his predecessors. President Bill Clinton was frequently photographed with a can in his hand and reportedly placed a Diet Coke -- along with a now-outdated cell phone and other items -- in a time capsule at his official presidential library.

So, what happens to those who drink a dozen cans daily of the caramel-colored elixir, which contains a blend of the sweetener aspartame and artificial and natural flavors, among other ingredients?

Some research suggests that artificially sweetened drinks can increase one's appetite and the desire for sweets. This effect was linked to aspartame, the most frequently used sweetener in diet beverages, which generates a similar response in the body as sugar. Just 30 minutes after drinking either a diet soda containing aspartame or the same amount of regular soda (with sucrose), the body reacts with similar concentrations of glucose and insulin.
    From a scientific perspective, this finding is suggestive but "not very strong," said Susan Swithers, a professor of psychological sciences at the Purdue University College of Health and Human Sciences.
    She sees aspartame's effects as "teasing" the body.
    "You get this very sweet taste; your body says 'I'm about to get sugar; I'm about to get energy,' but those never arrive," Swithers said, based on her research of diet soda consumption in animals. The result is, your body learns sweet taste is no longer a good signal, so instead of producing normal responses immediately, it delays. This becomes problematic when you eat actual sugar, because your blood sugar rises a little higher than it normally would, and as a result, you may eat more than usual, she explained.
    "It's kind of a small thing that happens," she said, but over time, the cumulative effects might be strong, particularly in humans.
    Looking at long-term studies in humansSwithers noted, the results indicate that people who report drinking artificially sweetened beverages end up at higher risk than non-diet soda drinkers for lots of negative outcomes, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension and stroke, as well as dementia.
    Boston University School of Medicine study from this year found that people who reported drinking at least one can of an artificially sweetened soft drink each day were almost three times as likely to have a stroke caused by a blood clot, compared with those who avoided these diet beverages.
    One-a-day diet soda drinkers were nearly three times as likely as those who never drink diet soda to be diagnosed with dementia, as well, the researchers found.
    Another recent study looked at the relationship between drinking diet soda and long-term waist circumference change among people 65 and older. The University of Texas Health Science Center researchers found that drinking diet soda was associated with escalating abdominal obesity, which in turn leads to an increased risk of heart disease.
    Smiles may also become less attractive for those who drink too much diet soda. One study found that both the regular and diet versions of cola beverages caused the same amount of tooth enamel dissolution, which leads to enamel erosion. "Diet sodas contain acids, which could contribute to tooth erosion," said Lisa Drayer, a nutritionist and contributor to CNN.
    Additionally, a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found an increased risk of type 2 diabetes among women who drank more than 20 ounces -- less than two cans -- of artificially sweetened beverages each week.
    Meanwhile, 12 cans of Diet Cola a day is two cans above what the Mayo Clinic describes as a "safe amount" of daily caffeine for adults. Too much caffeinecan lead to insomnia, nervousness, irritability and even an abnormal heart rhythm.
    "I still think it's a better choice than sugary sodas," Drayer said. "If he drank regular soda, he would be adding an additional 1,680 calories and a whopping 468 grams of sugar just from this beverage alone!"

    One 12-ounce can of regular Coke has 140 calories and 39 grams of sugar. In comparison, Diet Coke, which was unveiled by the Coca-Cola Company in 1982, has zero calories and zero grams of sugar.
    "If he can't cut out his soft drinks entirely, I would recommend that he replace at least half of his diet sodas with water," Drayer suggested. "And if plain water seems boring, he can always add fruit slices to water or opt for seltzer."
    (2  )http://www.cnn.com/2017/12/11/health/diet-coke-trump-health-
    effects/index.html
    (3  )
    Drinking two sweetened drinks per day? You could be doubling your risk of diabetes

    A 12 Diet Cokes-a-day habit like Trump's is worth changing

    A 12 Diet Cokes-a-day habit like Trump's is worth changing

    President Donald Trump downs a dozen Diet Cokes each day, The New York Times reported this weekend. His love of the bubbly beverage is shared by many Americans and at least one of his predecessors. President Bill Clinton was frequently photographed with a can in his hand and reportedly placed a Diet Coke -- along with a now-outdated cell phone and other items -- in a time capsule at his official presidential library.

    So, what happens to those who drink a dozen cans daily of the caramel-colored elixir, which contains a blend of the sweetener aspartame and artificial and natural flavors, among other ingredients?

    Some research suggests that artificially sweetened drinks can increase one's appetite and the desire for sweets. This effect was linked to aspartame, the most frequently used sweetener in diet beverages, which generates a similar response in the body as sugar. Just 30 minutes after drinking either a diet soda containing aspartame or the same amount of regular soda (with sucrose), the body reacts with similar concentrations of glucose and insulin.
      From a scientific perspective, this finding is suggestive but "not very strong," said Susan Swithers, a professor of psychological sciences at the Purdue University College of Health and Human Sciences.

      She sees aspartame's effects as "teasing" the body.
      "You get this very sweet taste; your body says 'I'm about to get sugar; I'm about to get energy,' but those never arrive," Swithers said, based on her research of diet soda consumption in animals. The result is, your body learns sweet taste is no longer a good signal, so instead of producing normal responses immediately, it delays. This becomes problematic when you eat actual sugar, because your blood sugar rises a little higher than it normally would, and as a result, you may eat more than usual, she explained.
      "It's kind of a small thing that happens," she said, but over time, the cumulative effects might be strong, particularly in humans.
      Looking at long-term studies in humansSwithers noted, the results indicate that people who report drinking artificially sweetened beverages end up at higher risk than non-diet soda drinkers for lots of negative outcomes, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension and stroke, as well as dementia.
      Boston University School of Medicine study from this year found that people who reported drinking at least one can of an artificially sweetened soft drink each day were almost three times as likely to have a stroke caused by a blood clot, compared with those who avoided these diet beverages.
      One-a-day diet soda drinkers were nearly three times as likely as those who never drink diet soda to be diagnosed with dementia, as well, the researchers found.
      Another recent study looked at the relationship between drinking diet soda and long-term waist circumference change among people 65 and older. The University of Texas Health Science Center researchers found that drinking diet soda was associated with escalating abdominal obesity, which in turn leads to an increased risk of heart disease.
      Smiles may also become less attractive for those who drink too much diet soda. One study found that both the regular and diet versions of cola beverages caused the same amount of tooth enamel dissolution, which leads to enamel erosion. "Diet sodas contain acids, which could contribute to tooth erosion," said Lisa Drayer, a nutritionist and contributor to CNN.
      Additionally, a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found an increased risk of type 2 diabetes among women who drank more than 20 ounces -- less than two cans -- of artificially sweetened beverages each week.
      Meanwhile, 12 cans of Diet Cola a day is two cans above what the Mayo Clinic describes as a "safe amount" of daily caffeine for adults. Too much caffeinecan lead to insomnia, nervousness, irritability and even an abnormal heart rhythm.
      "I still think it's a better choice than sugary sodas," Drayer said. "If he drank regular soda, he would be adding an additional 1,680 calories and a whopping 468 grams of sugar just from this beverage alone!"

      One 12-ounce can of regular Coke has 140 calories and 39 grams of sugar. In comparison, Diet Coke, which was unveiled by the Coca-Cola Company in 1982, has zero calories and zero grams of sugar.
      "If he can't cut out his soft drinks entirely, I would recommend that he replace at least half of his diet sodas with water," Drayer suggested. "And if plain water seems boring, he can always add fruit slices to water or opt for seltzer."
      (2  )http://www.cnn.com/2017/12/11/health/diet-coke-trump-health-
      effects/index.html
      (3  )
      Drinking two sweetened drinks per day? You could be doubling your risk of diabetes

      मंगलवार, 12 दिसंबर 2017

      Avocados: History of an unlikely but legitimate healthy food craze

      Avocados: History of an unlikely but legitimate healthy food craze


      From California to Manila, avocados are a common ingredient on restaurant menus around the world.

      They can be found not only spread on toast and tacos but in ice cream, smoothies, hummus and even pasta sauce.

      The consumption of avocados in the United States, has been climbing since 1989, when only about 1.1 pounds were consumed per capita, according to the Agriculture Marketing Resource Center, a research group that receives grants from the US Department of Agriculture.

      By 2014, about 7 pounds were consumed per capita, and now avocados are a popular food item -- especially due to their health benefits. But what exactly makes them good for you?
      Millennials beware! Avocado prices soar
      Millennials beware! Avocado prices soar 01:23
      "Avocados are a fruit and one of the few fruits that are high in fat and low in sugar," said Dr. Donald Hensrud, medical director of the Mayo Clinic Healthy Living Program in Rochester, Minnesota, and a specialist in nutrition and preventive medicine.
      "Along with nuts, olive oil and canola oil, the fat content in avocados are predominantly monounsaturated fat, which is responsible for many ... health benefits," he said. "Avocados also contain other nutrients including B vitamins, vitamin E, vitamin C, copper and fiber, which add to their health benefits. They have a higher potassium content than bananas."
      Yet long before the green-hued fruit became a modern-day health food staple, the history of the avocado was preserved in the Americas some 10,000 years ago.
      The avocado's name is thought to come from the Aztec word ahuacatl, which means testicle, according to Merriam-Webster dictionary. The name presumably is tied to the shape of avocados.







      When Spanish conquistadores arrived in the Americas, avocados attracted their attention, leading to the earliest-known written description of the fruit published in Sevilla in the early 1500s by explorer Martín Fernández de Enciso.
      Yet before the avocado was distributed throughout Spanish colonies, Europe and the United States, the fruit was consumed for taste as well as for health, according to a 2007 article in the Harvard Papers in Botany.
      In 1605, Spanish soldier and poet Garcilazo de la Vega described the avocado as "delicious and very healthy for sick people," according to the article. De la Vega could have been on to something, as avocados are now seen as a source of the healthy dietary monounsaturated fat.
      Monounsaturated fats are good for your health in many ways, such as helping lower your "bad" LDL cholesterol levels and being high in vitamin E, which promotes healthy vision, a healthy immune system and other benefits, according to the US National Library of Medicine.
      "In addition, the relatively high fat content in avocados is associated with a low glycemic response, which is the tendency of a food to raise blood glucose," Hensrud said. "Evidence from large populations studies suggests that consumption of monounsaturated fats such as contained in avocados decreases overall mortality."
      How could you get those health benefits? Avocado toast has become a trendy way to consume the buttery fruit in the US, but Jenna Stangland, a registered dietitian at the physical therapy clinic Viverant in the Minneapolis area, said there are many other ways to include avocado in your daily diet.
      "Avocado oil I think is getting to be easier to find in the grocery stores and more common as a type of oil to use in cooking or a marinade or as an ingredient in a homemade salad dressing, and then that oil contains the healthier fats rather than an oil that would have higher saturated fats," Stangland said. Avocado has a very high smoke point, the temperature at which oil starts to smoke, which makes it a good choice for cooking.
      "It's common to do fruit and yogurt and ice cubes in smoothies, but ... adding that avocado adds a really nice creaminess plus a healthy fat that might not be in a smoothie otherwise," she said. "Another one that I've tried, I haven't made myself, are avocado pops. ... It's like a frozen treat that includes that healthy fat."
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      However, because avocados are high in calories, Stangland cautions to watch portion sizes. For instance, topping a salad with about a half-cup of avocado adds 117 calories to your meal.
      "Just doing a layer of the avocado on the toast comes out to be about a serving," Stangland said. "At restaurants, or even preparing a dish at home, putting sliced avocado on top of a fish or on top of a salad, it can be really easy to just slice up the whole avocado to put it on top of the salad, and then that's going to be a lot more dense in calories."

      Refrence:

      (1)http://www.cnn.com/2017/12/08/health/avocados-health-benefits-food-as-fuel-explainer/index.html

      दिल का दोस्त बहुउपयोगी फल एवोकेडो

      ऐवकाडो फलों के स्पेक्ट्रम के मध्य एक ऐसा बिरला  फल है जिसमें वसा (फैट )अधिक है सुगर से ,शक्कर से ज्यादा है , एक ऐसी एकल असंतृप्त वसा है इसमें जो दिल की दोस्त है।  ऐसा हम नहीं कहते पोषण विज्ञान और बचावी चिकित्सा के माहिर कह रहे हैं। इससे आपको प्राप्त हो सकते हैं विटामिन B ,C ,कॉपर एवं बहु उपयोगी खाद्यरेशे। केले से अधिक पोटेसियम मिल जाता है एवोकाडो से। 

       दसहज़ार बरस पहले से अमरिकी इतिहास में   इसके सेहत को मिलने वाले फायदे मिलते हैं इसके नामकरण को लेकर भी ऐसा यकीन  किया जाता है के एज़्टेक (Aztec)भाषा का एक शब्द है -अहुअकाटल  (Ahuacatl )जिसका शाब्दिक अर्थ हिंदी भाषा में अंडकोष या अंग्रेजी में टेस्टिकल (testicle)होता है।यूं एवोकेडो की आकृति नाशपाती से भी मिलती जुलती है एक सिरे से थोड़ा चौड़ाई ज्यादा लिए रहता है यह गहरे मूंगिया हरे रंग का फल जिसके मध्य में एक बड़ी गुठली भी रहती है। सख्त छिलके वाले इस फल को सफाई से काटना भी एक कला है युक्ति है। 

      स्पानी उपनिवेशों योरोप और अमरीका में इसके व्यापक वितरण से पहले भी इसे लोग सेहत और ज़ायके लिए खाते थे। (स्रोत २००७ हार्वर्ड पेपर्स इन बॉटनी ). 

      दिल के लिए खराब समझी जाने वाली लिपिड (चर्बी LDL )को कम करने में इसे कारगर समझा गया है  अलावा  इसके इससे प्रचुरता में प्राप्त विटामिन E बीनाई (हमारी नज़र विजन )के लिए अच्छा है मुफीद रहता है। रोगरोधी तंत्र ,हमारे इम्युनसिस्टम को भी यह दुरुस्त रखता है। (स्रोत US National Library Of Medicine ).

      इसका सेवन करने वालों में मृत्युदर कमतर मिली है इसमें मौजूद एकल असंतृप्त वसा की प्रचुरता (मोनौअनसैचूरेटड फैट्स )ब्लड शुगर को एक साथ नहीं बढ़ने देती है। ग्लाइकेमिक रेस्पोंस इसका निम्न रहता है। लो ग्लाइकेमिक इंडेक्स  फ़ूड है यह। 
      यही वजह है एवोकेडो आज टोस्ट से लेकर ,मैरिनेड के रूप में ,सलाद ड्रेसिंग ,कुकिंग आइल के रूप में बहुविध जगह बना रहा है।एवोकेडो सालसा लाज़वाब है। 

      Avocado has a very high smoke point, the temperature at which oil starts to smoke, which makes it a good choice for cooking. 

      जानकार अब इसे स्मूथीज (स्मूदी ) (smoothies )फलों के ताज़ातरीन जूस में भी जगह दे रहे हैं। 

      लेकिन साहब केलोरीज़ का हिसाब भी रखना पड़ेगा। 
      पोरशन साइज का भी अपना गणित है आधा कप एवोकेडो ड्रेसिंग का मतलब है ११७ केलोरीज़। 

      "Just doing a layer of the avocado on the toast comes out to be about a serving, "At restaurants, or even preparing a dish at home, putting sliced avocado on top of a fish or on top of a salad, it can be really easy to just slice up the whole avocado to put it on top of the salad, and then that's going to be a lot more dense in calories."

      लेवल -दिल का दोस्त  बहुउपयोगी फल एवोकेडो 

      सोमवार, 11 दिसंबर 2017

      “Am I Depressed?” Treating depression symptoms, including bipolar and clinical depression, and seasonal affective disorder

      क्या आप इन दिनों खुद को ,अपने आप को दीन-हीन , असहाय ,उपेक्षित ,मानने बूझने लगें हैं। आपका स्वाभिमान ,आत्मसम्मान ज़मीन सूंघने लगा है। आप अपनी  सजधज ,पैरहन ,आपके कैसे दिख रहें हैं ,परसनल हाइजीन ,व्यक्तिगत संभाल के प्रति भी नियमित नहाने धोने के प्रति बे -परवाह होने लगें हैं ,सिगरेट शराब का इन दिनों आप पहले से कहीं ज्यादा सेवन कर रहे हैं ?


      एक खिन्नता चिड़चिड़ाहट आपको हर पहर घेरे रहती है। आपको लगता है आप किसी काम के नहीं रह गए हैं किसी के काम के भी नहीं रह गए हैं।  अन -उपयोगी अवांछित हो गए हैं अपनों के लिए बाकी सबके लिए भी। न आप खुद अपनी परवाह करते हैं न कोई और ये विचार ,ये संवेदन आप को घेरे रहता है ,तो यकीन मानिये सब कुछ ठीक ठाक नहीं  है आपके लिए। कभी कभार ऐसा होना और बात है और हर दम 'लो एनर्जी लेवल ' में, बेदम सा अनमना रहना दिखना एक दमसे  और बात है।  

      पूरी विनम्रता आदर और संकोच के साथ कहता हूँ कहीं ये अवसाद डिप्रेशन के लक्षण तो नहीं है जो आज एक अलग रोग का वैसे ही दर्ज़ा पा गया है जैसे काया के अन्य रोग। 

      रूप बदलके भी आते हैं बहरूपिया बन ये लक्षण अति उग्र और मॉडरेट रूप में  भी।सामान्य है सब कुछ वैसा सा ही तो दिख रहा है ऐसा ओढ़ना भी ओढ़े आते हैं अवसाद के लक्षण। 

      आज ये छद्म रूप सा दिखने वाला अवसाद कई रूपों में प्रकटित हो रहा है :

      (१ )नार्मल डिप्रेशन 

      Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn't worth living.

      More than just a bout of the blues, depression isn't a weakness and you can't simply "snap out" of it. Depression may require long-term treatment. But don't get discouraged. Most people with depression feel better with medication, psychotherapy or both.

      (२ )क्लीनिकल डिप्रेशन 

      Major Depression (Clinical Depression)


      A constant sense of hopelessness and despair is a sign you may have major depression, also known as clinical depression.

      With major depression, it may be difficult to work, study, sleep, eat, and enjoy friends and activities. Some people have clinical depression only once in their life, while others have it several times in a lifetime.

      Major depression can sometimes occur from one generation to the next in families, but may affect people with no family history of the illness.

      Most people feel sad or low at some point in their lives. But clinical depression is marked by a depressed mood most of the day, sometimes particularly in the morning, and a loss of interest in normal activities and relationships -- symptoms that are present every day for at least 2 weeks. In addition, according to the DSM-5 -- a manual used to diagnose mental health conditions -- you may have other symptoms with major depression. Those symptoms might include:

      • Fatigue or loss of energy almost every day
      • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt almost every day
      • Impaired concentration, indecisiveness
      • Insomnia or hypersomnia (excessive sleeping) almost every day
      • Markedly diminished interest or pleasure in almost all activities nearly every day (called anhedonia, this symptom can be indicated by reports from significant others)
      • Restlessness or feeling slowed down
      • Recurring thoughts of death or suicide
      • Significant weight loss or gain (a change of more than 5% of body weight in a month)

      (३ )बाइपोलर डिप्रेशन -

      Bipolar disorder, formerly called manic depression, is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression).

      When you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. When your mood shifts to mania or hypomania (less extreme than mania), you may feel euphoric, full of energy or unusually irritable. These mood swings can affect sleep, energy, activity, judgment, behavior and the ability to think clearly.

      Episodes of mood swings may occur rarely or multiple times a year. While most people will experience some emotional symptoms between episodes, some may not experience any.

      Although bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition, you can manage your mood swings and other symptoms by following a treatment plan. In most cases, bipolar disorder is treated with medications and psychological counseling (psychotherapy).

      (४ )सीजनल अफ्फेक्टिव डिसऑर्डर 

      Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that comes and goes with the seasons. It usually starts in the late fall and early winter and goes away during the spring and summer. Some people do have episodes of depression that start in the spring or summer, but that is a lot less common. Symptoms of SAD may include
      • Sadness
      • Gloomy outlook
      • Feeling hopeless, worthless, and irritable
      • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities you used to enjoy
      • Low energy
      • Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping
      • Carbohydrate cravings and weight gain
      • Thoughts of death or suicide
      SAD is more common in women, young people, and those who live far from the equator. You are also m
      ore likely to have SAD if you or your family members have depression.
      The exact causes of SAD are unknown. Researchers have found that people with SAD may have an imbalance of serotonin, a brain chemical that affects your mood. Their bodies also make too much melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep, and not enough vitamin D.
      The main treatment for SAD is light therapy. The idea behind light therapy is to replace the sunshine that you miss during the fall and winter months. You sit in front of a light therapy box every morning to get daily exposure to bright, artificial light. But some people with SAD do not respond to light therapy alone. Antidepressant medicines and talk therapy can reduce SAD symptoms, either alone or combined with light therapy.
      यूनिवर्सिटी हेल्थ न्यूज़ (UHN )से प्राप्त लोकोपकारक यह जानकारी प्रस्तुत चिठ्ठे में आपके साथ अतिविनम्रता और आदर के साथ प्रस्तुत है :


      कारण ,हेतुकी ,अवसाद की ?
      एक नहीं दर्जनों अंदरूनी और बाहरी ऐसे कारक हैं जो हमारे दिमाग में दिमागी रसयान शास्त्र  में तबदीली ला सकते हैं।उत्प्रेरक ,अवसाद के कारण ,ट्रिगर  भी अनेक हो सकतें हैं ,कुछ का उल्लेख करते हैं  

      (१) स्ट्रेस ,जीवनशैली ,लम्बी अवधि तक बने रहने वाली बीमारी यहां तक की कुछ दवा दारु मेडिकेशन्स भी डिप्रेशन का कारण बन सकते हैं। अचानक होने वाली कोई बहुत बुरी  घटना ,किसी अपने बहुत अपने की आकस्मिक मृत्यु होना आदि। 
      उत्पादक स्ट्रेस होना एक बात है लेकिन निरंतर इसका दीर्घावधि, चिरकालिक बने रहना एक दम से दूसरी बात है। कुछ दवाब तनाव तो जीवन में चाहिए भी किसी  बड़ी  उपलब्धि के लिए ज़रूरी भी है।

      इतना ही नहीं शोध की खड़की से छनके ये बात भी आ रही है डिप्रेशन अपने आप में कई अन्य पसरे रहने वाले रोगों यथा हृद रोगों ,क्रोनिक हार्ट  डिजीज की भी वजह बन सकता है। 
      अवसाद के लपेटे में होने पर आपको बिस्तर छोड़ना भी मुश्किल नहाना धोना नैत्यिक कर्म भी परेशानी सी देने लगते हैं। जैसे ये भी कोई गैर -ज़रूरी बवाल हो। 
      दूसरी तरफ गई -बीती चर्या जीवनशैली ,पुअर लाइफस्टाइल भी डिप्रेशन का कारण बन सकता है। 

      एक अच्छी बात यह है आपके सोने उठने की नियमित चर्या योर स्लीप पैटर्न आपके खाने की थाली में क्या है ,आपका फ़ूड चयन भी जीवन  शैली में सुधार डिप्रेशन से भी बाहर निकाल सकता है बचाये भी रह सकता है।यकीन मानिये -इस बात में कुछ तो जान है आप वही हैं जो आपकी खाने की थाली में है ,यू आर योर फ़ूड। जैसा अन्न वैसा मन। जैसा पानी (खान -पानी )वैसी वाणी।             

      मूल प्रारूप पढ़िए - 

      Take a depression test to see if your depression symptoms indicate you’re suffering from a serious condition


      Dear me /virendra,

      Have you ever asked yourself “Am I depressed?” Most people have. While many people feel blue some of the time, for some, these feelings are more persistent and can have a lasting impact on their lives. This is depression, a physical disease like any other.

      Depression symptoms come in many forms. From mild to moderate to severe, depression symptoms come disguised as normal, everyday feelings.

      Symptoms like:

      • Feeling sad or down most of the time
      • Difficulty concentrating
      • Feelings of helplessness
      • Increased use of alcohol
      • Low self-esteem
      • Neglecting your personal care
      • And many more
      Unsure if these signs indicate you are suffering from depression? Your next step is to speak with your doctor. But there are some things you can do before getting an appointment. First, you’ll want to immediately get the free report, “Am I Depressed?” Treating depression symptoms, including bipolar and clinical depression, and seasonal affective disorder from University Health News.
      In this free guide, you’ll find depression tests to help you self-diagnose your condition before seeing a physician. These depression tests ask you questions about your energy and sleep; to evaluate your memory and concentration; to assess your appetite and much more.
      Following the completion of a screening questionnaire, your physician will likely continue with a physical exam and some lab tests. Which lab tests are most common? Are brain scans customary? Should you expect to undergo a sleep study? Find out in our free report, “Am I Depressed?” Treating depression symptoms, including bipolar and clinical depression, and seasonal affective disorder.

      What causes depression?

      There are dozens of internal and external factors that can produce changes in the brain, leading to depression. The triggers range from stress and illness to lifestyle and medications. Stress is actually a good thing . . . in the appropriate amounts. But what happens when you’re under too much stress?
      And suffering from a chronic disease can definitely bring on bouts of depression but did you know that the research is now pointing to depression itself leading to chronic illnesses like heart disease?
      If you’re depressed, you often have difficulty getting out of bed and taking proper care of yourself, but poor lifestyle habits can also lead to depression. Find out how your sleep routine and food and nutrition choices can reduce your depression risk. Get “Am I Depressed?” Treating depression symptoms, including bipolar and clinical depression, and seasonal affective disorder now!

      What are your depression symptoms telling you and your doctor?


      A diagnosis of depression can range from mild, infrequent occurrences like seasonal affective disorder (SAD) to severe bouts of bipolar and clinical depression. An onset of seasonal affective disorder is usually tied to the change in seasons. Winter’s lack of sunlight, disrupts your body’s circadian rhythm and causes mild, but temporary type of depression.
      But many people suffer from more serious forms of depression. The two main clinical depression diseases are Major Depressive Disorder and Persistent Depressive Disorder. And even more severe depressive conditions include bipolar disorder and psychotic depression. Each serious and complex, their symptoms fall in a wide range of feelings and physical characteristics.
      Read the latest medical thinking on all types of depression – how to recognize them, how to treat them, how to live with them – in the free guide, “Am I Depressed?” Treating depression symptoms, including bipolar and clinical depression, and seasonal affective disorder.

      Depression symptoms in women and men

      Diagnosing depression can be difficult. And the fact that depression symptoms can present themselves differently across genders, adds to the complexity. Depression often coexists with other health and mental conditions that have a higher prevalence in women. Hormonal differences and variances in displays of emotions contribute to challenges in diagnosing the disease. And your age impacts the signs you and your doctor assess in your diagnosis and treatment. Young children, teens, adults and the elderly all can express depression symptoms. Learn the details, particularly the unique signs of depression in women and men, in your free guide.

      Best medications to treat depression symptoms

      Numerous anitdepressants are available to elevate depression sufferers’ moods. After complete evaluations of any depression tests, physical exams and lab tests, your physician may prescribe depression medications like:
      Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) like fluoxetine (Prozac), citalopram (Celexa), sertraline (Zoloft), escitalopram (Lexapro), or paroxetine (Paxil).

      Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) like duloxetine (Cymbalta), venlafaxine (Effexor), and desvenlafaxine (Pristiq).
      Reuptake inhibitors and receptor blockers like trazodone (Desyrel) and nefazodone (Serzone).
      Newer antidepressants that work a little differently from those listed above include bupropion (Wellbutrin), Mirtazapine (Remeron), vilazodone (Viibryd), and vortioxetine (Brintellix).
      Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are the oldest antidepressants, and include imipramine (Tofranil), nortriptyline (Pamelor), desipramine (Norpramin), amitriptyline (Elavil), and clomipramine (Anafranil).
      And Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), also an older class of drugs including tranylcypromine (Parnate), phenelzine (Nardil), isocarboxazid (Marplan), and selegiline (Emsam, which comes in a skin patch formulation).
      As with any medication, it’s important to follow your physician’s instructions and understand how the drug should work. Potential side-effects, discussed in this free guide, should also be reviewed with your doctor.

      How to beat depression, naturally

      In your free copy of “Am I Depressed?” Treating depression symptoms, including bipolar and clinical depression, and seasonal affective disorder you’ll also get the pros and cons of complementary and alternative therapies. What works and what’s overblown hype.
      St. John’s wort? The popular depression remedy can be effective for mild-to-moderate depression but the herb has side effects. Roseroot? A new study suggests it may be effective but without the troublesome side effects.
      Relaxation techniques? Meditation, yoga and other relaxation techniques are effective alternative methods for treating mental health issues.
      Omega-3 fatty acids? Definitely crucial to healthy brain function but results are mixed as a treatment for depression. B and D vitamins? SAMe supplements? Massage? Accupuncture? Light therapy? Get important information on these potential treatments to guide your discussions with your doctor from our freereport, “Am I Depressed?” Treating depression symptoms, including bipolar and clinical depression, and seasonal affective disorder.

      Living with depression

      If you’re suffering from depression, your inactivity and isolation can further feed your depression. As you work with your doctor on the best treatment, what can you do to help ease the pain and live with your condition? Some advice from this free guide: Take it easy on yourself. Blaming yourself is not constructive.
      Like any disease, the most important step is seeking help and making the decision to get better. Also, work to improve your health lifestyle choices. Better nutrition and exercise habits are always a good thing. Additional ways you can take care of yourself can be found in “Am I Depressed?” Treating depression symptoms, including bipolar and clinical depression, and seasonal affective disorder.
      Yours for lasting good health,

      Tim Cole
      Editorial Director
      P.S. Perhaps this free guide can help a friend or loved one with depression. If you’re trying to help someone else, realize, despite your best intentions, helping someone with depression isn’t always easy. Your friend or loved one might not realize he or she is depressed or may not be willing to accept your help. Realize that you cannot “cure” that person, no matter how hard you try. All you can do is help someone recognize that there is a problem, let him or her know you care, and suggest professional help.
      P.P.S. Remember, while you can’t put a price on good health, this fact-filled, indispensable guide is absolutely FREE. Get your copy now!

      Get expert information and easy-to-follow advice in this FREE guide from University Health News

      Get your FREE copy of Am I Depressed?: Treating depression symptoms, including bipolar, clinical, and seasonal affective disorder.
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