गुरुवार, 13 मार्च 2014

विश्व किडनी दिवस पर विशेष पोस्ट :उच्च रक्त चाप और मधुमेह भारत में महामारी का रूप लेते जा रहें हैं इसी के चलते मधुमेह ग्रस्त सात में से एक तथा हाइपरटेंशन से ग्रस्त पांच में से एक मरीज़ क्रोनिक किडनी डिज़ीज़ की गिरफ्त में आ रहा है


(१)दौड़ लगाने से पहले वार्म -अप ज़रूरी है क्योंकि  गुडवार्म -अप 


आहिस्ता ही हमारे दिल की धड़कन बढ़ाता है इस प्रकार दिल पर पड़ने 

वाला दवाब न्यूनतर रह जाता है,तब जब आप दौड़ना शुरू करते हैं। 

(२)मधुमेह और उच्च रक्तचाप की दुरभिसंधि स्वपन नगरी मुम्बई को 

किडनी फेलियोर की ओर  ले जा रही है। हर साल भारत में दो लाख लोग 

किडनी फेलियोर से जूझते हैं।इन्हें किडनी प्रत्यारोप की ज़रुरत रहती है। 

लेकिन इनमें से मात्र ५ ,००० लोगों को ही मेचिंग डोनर मिल पाता है। ४-७ 

लाख रुपया खर्चहोता है एक किडनी प्रत्यारोप शल्य पर। उच्च रक्त चाप 

और मधुमेह भारत में महामारी का रूप लेते जा रहें हैं इसी के चलते 

 मधुमेह  ग्रस्त सात में से एक तथा हाइपरटेंशन से ग्रस्त पांच में से एक 

मरीज़ क्रोनिक किडनी डिज़ीज़ की गिरफ्त में आ  रहा है। 

मुम्बई किडनी फाउंडेशन के मुखिया डॉ उमेश खन्ना कहते हैं अपने शरीर 

से मिलते सिग्नलों की अनदेखी न कीजिये शरीर आपका चेताता है आप 

अनदेखी कर जाते हैं। समय रहते किडनी  डिज़ीज़ की चपेट में आने से 

बचा जा सकता है। 

 किडनी सचेत रहें  विश्व किडनी दिवस पर आपका यही सन्देश है।    

किडनी रोग को नियमित जांच से  लाइलाज़ होने से रोका जा सकता है।  

Diabetes and BP are pushing Mumbai towards a kidney failure epidemic. Are you prepared?

Every year, 2 lakh patients in India suffer from kidney failure and require a transplant. However, of these only 5,000 can afford to find a matching donor - it costs around Rs 4-7 lakhs to get a kidney transplant. With high blood pressure and diabetes reaching epidemic levels in the country, our risk of contracting a chronic kidney disease (CKD) has also increased. City-based nephrologist Dr Umesh Khanna says, one in seven diabetic patients, and one in five patients of high BP, suffer from CKD as well. 

preventable stage, adds Khanna, the chairman of the Mumbai Kidney Foundation which works towards better kidney awareness in the city along with running dialysis centres for the underprivileged. 

On World Kidney Day (March 13), take this quiz to find out how prepared you are to take care of this beanshaped organ: 

The most common symptom of a kidney disease is: 

Decrease in urine output
Swelling in the legs
All of the above 

Answer D Dr Khanna says that a kidney disease is a silent killer, as most patients won't have any covert symptoms. However, many patients complain of swelling in the face or legs due to water retention and decreased urine output or foamy urine, generalised weakness due to anaemia or unexplained high blood pressure, especially in a young person. Swelling in the face and legs and less urine output are the first symptoms of kidney failure. 

There is no single test to check for CKD. 

True False 

Answer B The primary function of the kidneys is the excretion of waste products resulting from protein metabolism and muscle contraction. The blood filtration process is affected, leading to leakage of protein in the urine. A simple Preventive Kidney Function Test - which requires you to pass urine on a stick - can help detect (within 30 seconds) kidney disease at an early stage. 

Coconut water and fruit juices are healthy, even for those suffering from CKD. 

True False 

Answer B Fruits, juices and coconut water are commonly thought of as nutritious, says Dr Khanna, but they are harmful for CKD patients as they are a rich source of potassium. Because the kidneys are unable to flush out the excess, the level of potassium in the body increases which can paralyse the heart. 

How many nephrons does the average kidney contain? 

100-500 1 billion 800000-1 million 

Answer C A nephron is the basic functional and structural unit of the kidney. They are responsible for maintaining the concentrations of water and soluble substances in the blood and regulating blood volume, blood pressure, and the blood's pH or acidity. This structure works by filtering the blood, reabsorbing nutrients, and excreting excess water and waste as urine. 

Who are at a higher risk of kidney damage? 

Diabetes and BP patients Senior citizens Those suffering from urinary tract infections All of the above 

Answer D Dr Khanna says high BP leads to high blood flow in the body, which in turn damage blood vessels throughout the body. High sugar can make the kidneys filter too much blood. Painkillers are blood thinners, which again affects the kidney. UTI, if left untreated, can result in the bacteria travelling to the kidney and causing a kidney infection. Kidney damage causes waste to accumulate in the body, which can result in heart disease and weak bones. 

Which vitamin needs help from the kidney to get activated? 

Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin K Vitamin B12 

Answer A The kidney produces a bone-forming hormone called erythropoietin. However, when the organ suffers, the production of this hormone is affected. This results in weak or brittle bones and muscle weakness. The kidney is also responsible for activating Vitamin D, which develops strength in the bones and muscles. The kidneys convert the prehormone calcifediol into calcitriol, the biologically active part of Vitamin D.

विश्व किडनी दिवस पर विशेष पोस्ट 

 News for know your k -qotient
  1. Mumbai Mirror ‎- 13 hours ago
    Diabetes and BP are pushing Mumbai towards a kidney failure epidemic. Are you prepared?

(३  ) छाछ (butter milk ,मठ्ठा या शीत )विटामिन B12 का बढ़िया 

स्रोत है। 

यह विटामिन वसीय तथा अमीनो अम्लों (fatty and amino acids 


संश्लेषण में अहम भूमिका में रहता है। 

A fatty acid is a carboxylic acid (or organic acid), often with a long aliphatic tail (long chains), either saturated or unsaturated.
Depending on the context, fatty acids may be assumed to have at least 8 carbon atoms, e.g., caprylic acid (octanoic acid).
Essential fatty acids are the polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Essential fatty acids, or EFAs, are fatty acids that humans and other animals must ingest because the body requires them for good health but cannotsynthesize them.[1] The term "essential fatty acid" refers to fatty acids required for biological processes but does not include the fats that only act as fuel.

Only two fatty acids are known to be essential for humans: alpha-linolenic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid) and linoleic acid (an omega-6 fatty acid).

  1. CTV News ‎- 4 days ago
    A new pilot study indicates increasing children's intake of omega-3fatty acids may improve their sleep.

Know your K-quotient

(Inset) Dr Umesh Khanna

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